Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Unusual Miocene hydrocarbon-seep faunas from the Brisighella area in northern Italy: embedded in clastics and first records of the lucinid bivalves Megaxinus and Miltha

Steffen Kiel, Marco Sami and Marco Taviani

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 68 (1) 2023: 127-132 doi:

Ancient hydrocarbon-seep sites known as “Calcari a Lucina” are common in Miocene strata of northern Italy and typically consist of carbonate deposits dominated by large lucinid, bathymodiolin, and vesicomyid bivalves. Here we report two new sites found in Upper Miocene strata at Monte Mauro near Brisighella in the Emilia-Romagna province. One is unusual by being embedded in unconsolidated siltstone without any carbonate, but yet, consisting of the typical, seep-restricted bivalves Bathymodiolus moroniae and Archivesica aharoni vesicomyid clams and bathymodiolin mussels. The second deposit is dominated by the lucinid Megaxinus bellardianus, which has never been reported from a Miocene seep deposit in this region, despite being common in coeval siliciclastic sediments nearby. This species emphasizes biogeographic relationships between Upper Miocene seep faunas in the Mediterranean region and the tropic Indo-West Pacific Ocean.

Steffen Kiel [; ORCID:], Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Palaeobiology, Box 50007, 10405 Stockholm, Sweden. Marco Sami [; ORCID:], Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali, 51, Via Medaglie D’Oro 51, 48018 Faenza, Italy. Marco Taviani [; ORCID:], Institute of Marine Sciences, Italian National Research Council, Via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy; and Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy.

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