Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Early Katian, Late Ordovician, heliolitine corals from southern Kuruktag in northeastern Tarim Basin of China

Yu-Nong Cui and Guang-Xu Wang

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 68 (2) 2023: 273-295 doi:

Heliolitines are a major tabulate coral group, which experienced their early diversification in the Katian (Late Ordovician). Fossils of this group are well represented in the Kuruktag area of northeastern Tarim Basin, Northwest China, but detailed studies of corals from this area are still lacking. Here, we systematically describe early Katian heliolitines of the Tarim Block based on new material from the lower Katian Yuanbaoshan Formation of southern Kuruktag, which include the plasmoporellids Plasmoporella xinjiangensis and Plasmoporella grandis, the sibiriolitids Mongoliolites obliterans and Mongoliolites sp., the protoheliolitid Wormsipora sp., the proporid Acdalopora sokolovi, the pseudoplasmoporid Navoites irregularis, and the heliolitid Apekinella zeravshanica. A faunal comparison indicates that the biogeographic connections of Tarim Block are closest to Chu-Ili and South Tienshan, but relatively weaker with Qilian and North China.

Key words: Tabulata, Heliolitida, biogeography, Katian, Ordovician, Tarim, China.

Yu Nong Cui [; ORCID: ] and Guang Xu Wang [gxwang@; ORCID: ], State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 39 East Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

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