Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Ultrastructure of microfuselli and the evolution of graptolite skeletal tissues

Adam Urbanek

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 21 (4), 1976: 315-331

Ultrastructure of microfusellar tissues has been studied in Neocucullograptus kozlowskii, and compared with that in normal fuselli. Microfusellar tissue is composed of both fully developed and reduced microfuselli. The former consists of the fusellar and the cortical components and may pass into reduced microfuselli due to skipping the fusellar phase of secretion. This demonstrates a possible mechanism of the transition from the fusellar to the cortical tissue and sheds some light on principles governing the morphogenesis of graptolite skeletal tissues. Formation of particular fabrics and patterns was determined by control of a certain innate potential of secretory cells. Modes of changes in this control are identified and a working hypothesis concerning the evolution of graptolite skeletal tissues is advanced.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (for details please see, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.