Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

New Barremian rhynchonellide brachiopod genus from Serbia and the shell microstructure of Tetrarhynchiidae

Barbara Radulović, Neda Motchurova-Dekova, and Vladan Radulović

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52 (4), 2007: 761-782

A new rhynchonellide brachiopod genus Antulanella is erected based on the examination of the external and internal morphologies and shell microstructure of 'Rhynchonella pancici', a common species in the Barremian shallow-water limestones of the Carpatho-Balkanides of eastern Serbia. The new genus is assigned to the subfamily Viarhynchiinae, family Tetrarhynchiidae. The shell of Antulanella is small to rarely medium-sized, subglobose, subcircular, fully costate, with hypothyrid rimmed foramen. The dorsal euseptoidum is much reduced. The dental plates are thin, ventrally divergent. The hinge plates are straight to ventrally convex. The crura possess widened distal ends, rarely raduliform or canaliform. The shell is composed of two calcitic layers. The secondary layer is fine fibrous, homogeneous built up of predominantly anisometric anvil-like fibres. Although data on the shell microstructure of post-Palaeozoic rhynchonellides are still incomplete, it is possible to distinguish two types of secondary layer: (i) fine fibrous typical of the superfamilies Rhynchonelloidea and Hemithiridoidea and (ii) coarse fibrous typical of the superfamilies Pugnacoidea, Wellerelloidea, and Norelloidea. The new genus Antulanella has a fine fibrous microstructure of the secondary layer, which is consistent with its allocation in the Hemithiridoidea. Antulanella pancici occurs in association with other brachiopods showing strong Peritethyan affinity and close resemblance to the Jura fauna (= Subtethyan fauna).

Key words: Brachiopoda, Rhynchonellida, Tetrarhynchiidae, taxonomy, shell microstructure, Cretaceous, Barremian, Serbia.

Barbara Radulović brad@net.yu, and Vladan Radulović vrad@eunet.yu, Department of Palaeontology, Faculty of Mining and Geology, University of Belgrade, Kamenička 6, P.O. Box 227, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia; Neda Motchurova-Dekova;, National Museum of Natural History, 1 Tzar Osvoboditel bul., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria.

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