Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

First report on the occurrence of Neseuretinus and Ovalocephalus trilobites in the Middle Ordovician of Iran

Mansoureh Ghobadi Pour and Leonid E. Popov

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 54 (1), 2009: 125-133 doi:

In the Derenjal Mountains of east Central Iran, the upper part of the Shirgesht Formation (uppermost Darriwilian) contains a distinct trilobite assemblage that includes Neseuretinus birmanicus and Ovalocephalus aff. obsoletus among others. Both genera were previously unknown in Iran. The occurrence of Ovalocephalus represents the earliest sign of westward taxon migration from China towards higher latitudes along the West Gondwanan margin, which may be related to global warming, after a short episode of cooler climate in the early to mid Darriwilian. Patterns of biogeographical distribution of Ovalocephalus and Neseuretinus suggest that Central Iran was part of an “overlap zone” where tropical and high latitude benthic taxa mingled.

Key words: Trilobites, palaeobiogeography, taxonomy, Ordovician, Darriwilian, Iran

Mansoureh Ghobadi Pour [] Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, 419138-15739, Iran; Leonid Popov [] Department of Geology, National Museum of Wales, Cathays Park, Cardiff CF10 3NP, United Kingdom.

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